The Three Pillars of Data Security

Data security guards the data of organizations and systems from unauthorised access, use and modification. This can help prevent data breaches that could result in business disruption financial loss and compliance penalties as well as reputation damage. Modern methods of protecting data consist of a combination of tools technology and best practices that focus on three pillars: Confidentiality and Integrity.

The first step in effective data security is creating and maintaining an inventory and mapping of your data sets. Cataloging data in your data centers, network-connected devices such as desktops, mobiles and desktops cloud services and software applications is crucial. It’s also important to consider physical storage devices like external hard drives, USB sticks, and even removed printed documents and printed files. These tend to be overlooked and may contain a plethora of confidential data, making them a popular target for cybercriminals.

Once you’ve gotten a better understanding of your data sets you will need to classify sensitive information in order to better understand where and how it is situated within your infrastructure. This lets you prioritize your security efforts, ensuring that the most valuable data is secured while less critical information remains accessible. It also lets you be in compliance with regulatory and industry standards, like those applicable to health care, finance and telecommunications.